April 29, 2021


▫La cirugía busca minimizar los factores de riesgo que acechan al Norwood estadio I Fontan atriopulmonar: Conexión de AD con TP para q sangre de. The Fontan procedure or Fontan–Kreutzer procedure is a palliative surgical procedure used in from their existing blood supply (e.g. a shunt created during a Norwood procedure, a patent ductus arteriosus, etc.). Leval, Marc R de ( ). d Servicio de Cirugía Cardiovascular, Hospital Infantil Universitario Virgen del Between October and June , 42 children underwent the Norwood.

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This way we minimized the fluctuations in the systemic and pulmonary resistance and maintained a stable circulatory and respiratory state. Fontan procedure is also contraindicated in those with pulmonary artery hypoplasia, patients with left ventricular dysfunction and significant mitral insufficiency.

Iberoamerican Cardiovascular Journals Editors’ Network. The work done in the previous years has improved short and long-term survival. With the same objective, postsurgical hemodynamic and respiratory variables were analyzed Table 1gathered by means of a standardized protocol and included in a database. Due to the advancements in medical and surgical treatments, survival of these children in the past years has increased, but they must be intervened 3 times throughout their life, with the risk inherent to this.

Its use has demonstrated in other studies an improvement in hemodynamics, reflected as a reduction in the heart rate and an incremented in the systolic and diastolic pressure.

Fontan procedure – Wikipedia

We did not find significant differences between the mortality in the PICU and the surgical technique employed groups 1 and 2 Table 7probably due to the low number of patients currently included in group 2. This corrects the hypoxia and leaves the single ventricle responsible only for supplying blood to the body. In relation to the surgical times, only the time of ECC was associated significantly with mortality, so that it was greater in those that died in the operating room Table 6 and in PICU Table 3.

This mortality can be considered high if we compare it with that obtained by other authors. Six of the patients belonged to group 1 and 2 to group 2. We have not demonstrated an increase in survival of children in the PICU who underwent surgery using the Sano-modified of the classic Norwood technique.

All of our patients cirubia hyperfiltration during their time on ECC, without any complications, and without the necessity of suspending it owing to hemodynamic instability. Our results with the Norwood procedure are similar to other series. Impedance cardiography Ballistocardiography Cardiotocography. The first 30 patients group 1 underwent the classic 1 Norwood technique, receiving a modified Blalock-Taussig fistula of different diameters, and in the other 12 group 2 the Sano 4 variant was used.


Among the anatomical characteristics of the cardiopathy we emphasized that the average cigugia of the ascending aorta was 3. The Fontan procedure is used in pediatric patients who possess only a single functional ventricle, either due cirugla lack of a heart valve e. The second stage, also called Fontan completioninvolves redirecting the blood from the IVC to the lungs.

Valve repair Valvulotomy Mitral valve repair Valvuloplasty aortic mitral Valve replacement Aortic valve repair Aortic valve replacement Ross procedure Percutaneous aortic valve replacement Mitral valve replacement production of septal defect in heart enlargement of existing septal defect Atrial septostomy Balloon septostomy creation norwoov septal defect in heart Blalock—Hanlon procedure shunt from heart chamber to blood vessel atrium to pulmonary artery Fontan procedure left ventricle to aorta Rastelli procedure right ventricle to pulmonary artery Sano shunt compound procedures for transposition of great vessels Arterial switch operation Mustard procedure Senning procedure for univentricular defect Norwood procedure Kawashima procedure shunt from blood vessel to blood vessel systemic circulation to pulmonary artery shunt Blalock—Taussig shunt SVC to the right PA Glenn procedure.

The superior vena cava SVCwhich carries blood returning from the upper body, is disconnected from the heart and instead redirected into the nprwood arteries. After Fontan completion, blood must flow through the lungs without being pumped by the heart.

These differences, which relate the cardiac anatomy to hospital mortality, although spectacular, did not have statistical meaning. The study of the airways by means of computerized tomography CT with three-dimensional reconstruction and magnetic resonance MR demonstrated ciirugia it was produced by an extrinsic compression of the neoaorta.

At this point, the oxygen-poor blood from upper and lower body flows through the lungs without being pumped driven only by the pressure that builds up in the veins. February Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Articles needing additional references from February All articles needing additional references. It was initially described in by Dr. In contrast, in the multivariate analysis, only low birth weight and extracardiac malformations were considered as risk factors for mortality.

Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. Medical treatment was based on a strategy of pharmacological reduction of the pulmonary and systemic vascular resistance. Use of a right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit did not improve postoperative survival.

Some of the quantitative variables did not follow a normal distribution test of Kolmogorov-Smirnovreason for which they were described as a mean interquartile range. The association between each individual variable and mortality was investigated.

Fontan procedure

This can require a longer stay in the hospital for drainage with chest tubes. Global hospital mortality was It attempts to make the right ventricle act like a systemic ventricle, connecting the trunk of the pulmonary artery to the aorta. The reduction in time of ECC and the fact of choosing a systematically differed closing of the sternum in the PICU have contributed to a better postsurgical evolution and, therefore, could increase survival.


Its evaluation makes us indirectly estimate the adequacy of the systemic flow. The association between the quantitative variables was done using the Spearman rank coefficient. Its determination in adults with respiratory distress syndrome of different causes has demonstrated to be a risk factor for death. The study was planned as prospective, descriptive, and observational, to be carried out in the period between October and June Primary sternum closure was also a risk factor in the sense that the children that underwent such a procedure in the operating room had a higher mortality, both intrasurgically Table 6 as postsurgically in the PICU Table 3.

We analyzed, additionally, late mortality and the patients who underwent a second and third procedures, that is the Glenn and Fontan procedures, were classified. In addition, the relation between hospital mortality and cardiac anatomy, surgical technique, surgical times, and deferred sternum closure were studied.

The diagnosis was done in utero in eight patients. However, this results in hypoxiaso the fenestration may eventually need to be closed by an interventional cardiologist.

The inferior vena cava IVCwhich carries blood returning from the lower body, continues to connect to the heart. The mean age and the weight of them in the last review was 19 months range, and 9 kg range, 6. Concerns about damage to the liver have emerged more recently, as Fontan circulation produces congestion and lymphedema in this organ which leads to progressive hepatic fibrosis.

Síndrome del corazón izquierdo hipoplástico | American Heart Association

To address this risk, some surgeons make a fenestration from the venous circulation into the atrium. The norwoodd oxygen extraction and venous pCO 2 allow the determination of cardiac output. This article needs additional citations for verification. As far as cirugix postsurgical monitorization in the PICU, there were no significant differences between the groups of survivors and deceased in the following variables: The age and the weight of the children at the moment of the intervention did not have a significant statistical relationship with mortality Table 3.

On the contrary, time of anoxia and cardiac arrest were not significant Table 3.